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- What is Dalit Literature?
- Meaning and Definition
- Scope of Dalit Literature
- Characteristics of Dalit Literature
- Major Dalit Writers
- Significance of Dalit Literature
- Research Topics on Dalit Literature
- List of Dalit Literature Books
- Questions on Dalit Literature
- Dalit Literature in English translation
- Origin of Dalit Literature
- Movement Related to Dalit Literature
- Terms Related to Dalit Literature
- Thinkers and Pioneer of Dalit Literature
What is Dalit Literature?
Dalit literature represents the collective consciousness of social, political, economic, and racial discrimination, suffered by the Dalits for hundreds of years. Dalit writing is a post-independence phenomenon. The emergence of Dalit literature has a great historical significance. Dalit was always on the marginalized side of Indian society.
Dalit literature is that literature which in an artistic namer show the agony of the Dalits their painful perplexity. The family deterioration, poverty, humiliation, and improvised condition.
Dalit literature as a literary movement began after 1967.
Meaning and Definition of Dalit
The term ”Dalit” comes from the Sanskrit root ‘dal’ which means broken, ground-down, oppressed.
Traditional Meaning of Dalit
In Ancient Indian society, Dalit were called ”Acchutas” Punchamas ”Astisudras” Avarnas, Parihas.
Dalit refers to one of the cast rather than class, it applies to member of those menial which has born the sitgma of ”untouchability” because of the extreme purity, and pollution concerned with their occupation.
Dalit was an ‘outcastes’ failing outside the traditional four-fold caste system consisting of the hereditary brahmin, Kshyatria, Vaishya, Shudras.
Who are Dalits?
The term ‘Dalit’ first used by Jyotiba Rao Phule in the 19th century in the perspective of subjugation faced by the former untouchable caste of the Hindus.
Those previously known as ‘Untouchables’ ‘Depressed class’ and ‘Harijan’ today ‘Dalit’ name for themselves.
Meaning of Dalit
Due to the mass awakening and teaching of Dr. B.R Ambedkar, the old definition of the term Dalit underwent change now the terms ‘Dalit’ means
”One who bound by the shackles of atrocity and harassment till recently has started rejecting God, Soul, Religion, Rebirth, Rituals, Miracles, Superstition, etc.
One who rejects the soul, accepts athism, scientific objectivity, rationalism ability to reason, and morality.
One who accepts the principle of equality, freedom, eternity, and justice as the value in Life.
Characteristics of Dalit Literature
- Dalit literature raises against voice against racism and classism
- Dalit literature very strongly opposes ‘Chaturvarna’ in Hinduism and accept man’s moral attitude
- Dalit literature is a literary posture adopted in the movement initiated By Dr. B.R Amdedkar to remove untouchability.
- Dalit literature has arisen out of Dalit consciousness dealing with a kind of rejection and an acceptance and is life-oriented literature.
- Dalit literature depicts the graph of progress of everyman. For the same, it advocates strongly human values such as equality, liberty, fraternity, and justice.
Scope of Dalit Literature
- The development and growth of Dalit literature are taking place, at a rapid pace of the last two decades.
- The word Dalit literature will be used as long as In India man will be exploited under the pretext of the caste of economic inequality in life or any other means and as long as Dalit continue to be existence.
- Dalit literature is a form of writing that restrain all exploiters
- Now Dalit literature of good quality is being written in many Indian languages. It is also being translated into many Indian and foreign languages.
Major Dalit Writers
- Namdeo Dhasal
- Meena Kandasamy
- Daya Pawer
- Urmila Pawer
- Baby Kamble
- Omprakash Valmiki
- B.R Ambedkar
- Narendra Jadhavi
- Kancha Ilaiah
- Mulk Raj Anand
- Bama Faustina Soosairay
- Chitra Banerjee Devikurni
- Sharan Kumar Limbale
- Vasan Moon
- Baburao Betul
- Jyoti Rao Phule
- A.P Naimal
- Arjun Dangle
- Bhagwan Das
- Debi Roy
- Dev Kumar
- Raja Dhale
- Kanwal Bharati
- Jatin Bala
- Anant Rao Akele
Major Dalit Autobiographies
- P.E Sonakamble- Athavaninche
- Madhav Kondvikar- Mukkam Post Devache Gothane
- Shankar Rao Kharat- Tara Antaral
- Uttam Bandu Tupe- Katyavarchi Pote
- Nana Saheb Zodge- Phanjar
- Keshav Meshram – Hakkikat Ani Jatayu
- Rustam Achlkhmb – Gavki
- Paratha Poke- Abharan
- Daya Pawar- Baluta
- Om Prakash Valmiki- Joothan
- Bama- Karukku
- Sharan Kumar Limbele- Akkarmashi
- Narendra Jhadav- Our Caste A Memoir
- Dada Saheb More- Gabal
- G.Kalyan Rao- Untouchably Spring
- P.Sivakami- The Grip of Change
- Laxman Mane-Upara: An Outsider
- Prof. Shyamlal- An Untold Story of Bhangi Vice-Chancellor
- Laxman Gaikwad- Acharya
- Kishor Santabai Kale-Against All Odd
- B. Kesharshivam- The Whole Truth Nothing but the Truth
- Vasan Moon- Growing Up Untouchable in Indi
- Baby Kamble- The Prison We Broke
- Urmila Pawer- Aydan
- Mahan Das Namishray- Apne Apne Pinjre
Research Topics on Dalit Literature
- The Four Noble Problems B. R. Ambedkar’s Critique of Traditional Buddhism
- A Return to Homelessness? Reflections on Modernity and Migration in a Dalit Short Story
- Recasting Caste: History, Memory, and Identity in Dalit Women’s Testimonios
- Dalit Women and Colonial Christianity: First Telugu Bible Women as Teachers of Wisdom
- Published ArticleBlack skin and blue eyes: Reading the White formula for beauty in Toni Morrison’s “The Bluest Eye”
- Locating Akkarmashi Within Dalit Autobiographical Writings
- Other Tongues: A Study of Bama’s Karukku and Sangati
- Caste System and Resistance: The Case of Untouchable Hindu Sweepers in Bangladesh
- Dalit Time
- The Fab Fifty Outlook 50 Dalits Remaking India
- Meena Kandasamy’s Poetry: an Angry Young Woman’s Counter-Narrative
- Refugees in the Making: The National Register of Citizens and Its Politics of Documentation
- Caste Inequalities and Its Representation in Indian Graphic Novels
- The Aesthetics of Becoming a Being in Manoranjan Byapari’s First Bangla Autobiography Itibritte Chandal Jeevan (2012)
- State, Imagination and the Dalit Vernacular
- Imagining ‘Bauriland’ – a Dalit Utopia(?) in 21st century (West) Bengal
- Narrating Dalit Womanhood: Kausalya Baisantri and the Aesthetics of Autobiography
- The Politics of Gender Insubordination in Dalit Theatre
- From Experience to Aesthetics: A Dalit Perspective
- The Revolutionary Function of Dalit Writing: Some Contemporary Approaches (keynote)
- Dalit Identity and the Urban Space (keynote)
- Politics of Emergent Dalit Writings for Children: Whose Childhood and For Whom?
Silent Features of Dalit Literature
- Acknowledge Dr. Ambedkar’s philosophy on the issue of liberty and independence
- Budha’s atheism rejection of soula in opposition to hollow ritualism
- The opposition of Verna system, caste discrimination
- Support to Brohtehoodand not to separatism
- Support to freedom and social issues
- Commitment to social change
- Opposition to capitalism
- The opposition of feudalism and BRAHMINISM
- Opposition to hero worship
- Disagreement with Ramachandra Sukla’s definition of epic
- Opposition to traditional aestheticism
- Support to Verna-less and classless society
- Opposition to linguistic and gender chuvinism
List of Dalit Literature Books
There are hundreds of Dalit literature books available in the market, you can choose any one of the themes to understand the background, history, and political troumoil of that particular area. Dalit literature is a study of Dalit and their untold stories.
Here are some of the books listed for you
Dalit Literature in English Notes PDF
Dalit Literature in English Notes PDF
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