Top 11 Rules of Pronoun with Examples

Top 11 Rules of Pronoun with Examples- Pronoun is one of the important elements in English grammar. But there are some rules to follow in order to understand the word ‘Pronoun’. Here you will get complete details about pronouns, types, and their rules with examples.

What is a pronoun?

A pronoun is a word, which is used in place of a noun.

Ex- She is going to the temple.

He is taking bath.

Top 11 Rules of Pronoun with Examples
Top 11 Rules of Pronoun with Examples

Top 11 Rules of Pronoun with Examples

Rule 1

When the subject of the verb is the receiver of the action, the action is said to be reflected. Such verbs are used reflexively.

Acquit, absent, avail, reconcile, amuse, resign, avenge, revenge, enjoy, exert, apply, adapt, adjust, pride, over-reach.

  • You should avail yourself of every chance in life.
  • They enjoyed the picture last evening.
  • He resigned himself to his failure.
  • The former DM acquitted very efficiently.

Rule 2

The following verbs are not used reflexively.

Keep, stop, turn, qualify, bathe, move rest, hide are not used reflexively.

  • You should keep yourself from bad boys.
  • He has qualified himself for the post.
  • He hid himself in the room.
  • The thief hid the money under the carpet.

Rule 3

A reflexive pronoun cannot act as a subject or object of a verb unless it is preceded by a pronoun or noun concerned.

  • Myself will see to it that you get your share of the property.
  • Yourself and he reached there in time.
  • I myself like him.
  • Raj will do it for myself and my sister.

Rule 4

The verb ‘to be’ should be followed by subjective form when the complement is a pronoun.

  • It is me who has brought you home.
  • Was it her who did it for you?
  • It will be us who will buy a new house.

Rule 5

Verbs and prepositions are followed by the objective case of a pronoun.

  • Between you and I, Suhani is intelligent.
  • She is teaching Rohit and She.
  • Let them go.

Rule 6

Good manners required that the order of singular pronouns should be second persons, third persons, and first-person.

But in the plural, ‘We’ is used before ‘you’ and ‘they’ after you’. The letter order is also observed while referring to unpleasant acts.

  • I and you will attend her wedding tomorrow.
  • She and you will share the mangoes.
  • You, Mohan and I will watch a movie tonight.
  • We, you and they are leaving for Mumbai tomorrow.
  • You and will be punished.

Rule 7

The relative pronoun should be expressed according to its relation with the verb of the adjective clause ‘Who’ is used as a subject of a verb of the adjective clause and who is used as an object of a verb of the adjective clause.

  • He was talking of the women, who he said, he met in America.
  • She is the kind of lady, whom everybody knows is intelligent.

Rule 8

The use of ‘but’ as a relative pronoun.

  • There was none but wept.
  • There is no country but is corrupt.

Rule 9

The use of the ‘Same’ as a pronoun is wrong.

  • I shall give you a book and the same is very useful.
  • He bought a house and is living in the same.

Rule 10

Which is used in place of ‘Who’ when we are referring t a choice between two or more than to things or persons.

  • Of the two sisters who are more intelligent.
  • who is your father in the crown?
  • Who is better of the two dancers in our society?

Rule 11

In the possessive case, we don’t use a noun after the possessive case of a pronoun.

  • This book is mine- This is my book.
  • This shirt is yours- This Is your shirt.
  • Our is a populous country.

Types of Pronoun

  1. Personal Pronoun
  2. Demonstrative Pronouns
  3. Relative Pronouns
  4. Interrogative Pronouns
  5. Indefinite Pronouns
  6. Reflexive Pronouns
  7. Distributive Pronouns
  8. Reciprocal Pronouns

1- Personal Pronoun

Words used in place of the noun referring to persons.

I, we, you, he, she, it, they, etc.

  • You need to stop lying to me.
  • I would love for you to join us.
  • It is nice to have a holiday sometimes.
  • Rita helped me.
  • I like Tea.
  • It is raining.

2- Demonstrative Pronouns

Words used for a noun to express functions relating to who, which, that, whose, whom, etc.

  • This is my drink.
  • That is your car.
  • These are his bags.
  • Those are her bangles.
  • The man who has just entered the room is my friend.
  • The book that I bought is very costly.

3-Interrogative Pronouns

Interrogative Pronouns are used in order to ask questions. There are five interrogative pronouns: What/which/who/whom/whose

  • Who took my bag?
  • What is your name?
  • Who did you meet?
  • What did you say?
  • Who said that?
  • Which is his book?
  • Whose shoes are those?

4-Indefinite Pronouns

Indefinite pronouns refer to an unspecified person or thing. They may be singular or plural and must match the verb in number.

Pronouns Are: (Everybody, nobody, somebody, either, neither, all, much, several, each, other, another, any, both, each, few, neither, one, several, etc)

  • All that glitters is not gold.
  • I will try to think of somebody who can help you.
  • Try some tea.
  • Anything is possible.

5-Reflexive Pronouns

Words used as forms of personal pronouns for emphasis. Also called emphatic pronouns that refer back to the subject of the sentence and end in -self.

Myself, myself, himself, herself, themselves, yourself, etc.

  • I shall myself do this work.
  • She cut her finger herself.
  • The parents argued amongst themselves for an hour.
  • I did the work myself.

6- Reciprocal Pronouns

Reciprocal pronouns are used to identify an action or feeling that is reciprocated.  Words used to point our mutual relationship. Each other, one another.

  • The brothers love each other.
  • Indians should not fight with one another.
  • They gave each other presents.
  • My sister and I can wear each other’s clothes.
  • The boys were fighting one another.

7- Relative Pronouns

Relative pronouns are used to connect a clause or phrase to a noun or pronoun. It introduces the relative clause, to which it is related. They are which, that, who, whom, whose.

  • The man who has just entered the room is my friend.
  • The book that I bought is very costly.
  • The children, who shouted in the corridor, are not from our class.
  • The car, whose driver is a young man is from Delhi.
  • What did you do with the more, which your mother gave you?

8- Distributive Pronouns

Used for individuals and objects referring to them as one at a time. Either, neither, each every, none, anyone, etc.

  • Either of the sisters is staying here.
  • Neither of his arms is defective.

Top 11 Rules of Pronoun with Examples

Top 11 Rules of Pronoun with Examples

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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