Methods of teaching fiction and non-fiction- Strategies to read fiction and non-fiction need to emphasize the role of learners as active participants, give context for speaking and listening provide a situation to promote reading and writing. Enhance interpretation and comprehension of fiction and non-fiction.
The methods must boost the confidence of the learners, by making them experience language in operation, thereby providing to be conclusive for purposive language teaching.
Here you will get some strategies to teach fiction and non-fiction to school students. It’s important for a teacher to understand the subject and apply some unique strategies while teaching fiction and non-fiction.
Methods of Teaching Fiction and Non-fiction
It seems necessary to understand the basics of fiction and non-fiction. Afterward decided to teach to others. There are commonly classified as fiction or non-fiction. The distinction address whether a text discusses the world of imagination (fiction) or the real world (non-fiction).
- Dictation Time
- Write a Letter
- Change Me
- My Newspaper
- Story Strips
- Advertise Me
- Report Card
- Story Cubes
1- Diction Time
Objective- To focus on correct punctual usage.
Method- Dictate a passage from a novel, without the punctual. Ask learners to punctuate and then compare their version with the original.
2- Write a letter
Objective- After reading a part of the story, ask learners to write a letter to the author enquiring about some of the characters.
Objective- To focus on learner’s interpretative skills.
Method- In pairs learners work a negative character into a positive one and vice versa. They reason out how the story would change.
Objective- To develop various writing styles
Methods- Learners convert a play into a newspaper. The features of a newspaper should be included. Example comic strips and editor page interview with a character and so on.
Objective- To focus on the summation
Method- Use part of a newspaper article and number the paragraph. Ask learners to read the paragraphs and write on the sentence that gives the main idea of each paragraph.
6- Story Strips
Objective- To focus on logical development.
Method- Cut out an article. Place the jumbled paragraphs inboxes. Give one box to each group of learners. The group that unscrambles it first is the winner.
7- Phone In
Objective- To be able to sustain a meaningful conversation.
Method- A simulated phone in the program is devised on a chapter in biography with calls either to the person or the author about their motives attitudes action and so on.
8- Advertise Me
Objective- To help learners with poster making.
Method- Each learner prepares a poster advertising a newspaper article.
Objective- To focus on interpretation
Method- Give learners blank report cards. They grade the characters and state the reasons for the same.
10- Story Cubes
Objective- To develop creativity and reinforce reading.
Method- Learners construct a cube out of cartons. They draw and write about the story on both sides and write out the main features of the story.
Fiction includes; poems,stories,plays,novels
Non-fiction includes; newspaper stories, editorial, personal accounts, journal articles, textbooks, legal documents.
What is fiction?
fiction is widely referred to as imagination. A text that discusses the world of imagination is called fiction.
Poems; Poems are verse and rhythmic writing, with imagery. A poem makes intense use of language which results in a far greater concentration of meaning that is commonly found in prose. Some poems use rhyming words to create certain effects. Poetry that does not rhyme is called free verse.
Drama– Drama is stories composed in verse or prose, usually for theatrical performance where conflicts and emotions are expressed through dialogue and action.
Folklore– Folklore includes fairy tales, myths, legends, fables, and folktales, All folklore began as an oral tradition, written stories that were passed down from one generation to the next.
A Short Story– is a brief and concise work of fiction and can be read in one sitting. The short story has an introduction, where the characters and the setting are revealed the rising action here the conflict is revealed followed by the climax.
What is Non-fiction?
Non-fiction refers to the real world. It includes newspaper stories, editorials, personal accounts journal articles, textbooks, legal documents.
Types of Fiction
- Historical Fiction
- Horror Fiction
- Science Fiction
- Realistic Fiction
What is Historical fiction?
It is a story with fictional characters and events in a particular historical period. It has a mixture of real and fictional events, making the reader feel that the story happened or could have happened. The theme usually fits with a historical context and its social-political events.
What is Horror Fiction?
It is a story in which a feeling of dread is created by the events in both the characters and the reader. The main character is often hunted and withdrawn, yet they are people the reader can understand identity with.
What is Science Fiction?
It is a futuristic, untrue story on a scientific element that explores the possibility of the existence of life on other plants. Character includes aliens, mutants, andoird or humanoid robots.
What is Realistic Fiction?
This term used to describe fiction that tells a story that is possible, but told in a creative and artistic way. All the literary elements (setting, characters, plot, theme) must be plausible. The theme is diverse and true to life, revolving around events from the real world.
Methods of Teaching Fiction and Non-fiction
Literature is works of the creative imagination, that includes poetry, drama, fiction, and non-fiction. It introduces us to a new world of experience, it is universal, teaches us about the power of language, and by studying the use of language in literature one learns how to use the subtleties of the language to one’s advantage.
Non-fiction sites in direct opposition to fiction. Non-fiction is prose writing that presents and explains ideas or that tells about real, places, objects, or events.
It’s very important to learn the methods to teach fiction and non-fiction. There are thousands of books and guide available.